Otorhinolaryngology, a product of the early 20th century, developed from the joining together of the separate departments of otology, whose practitioners were surgeons, and laryngology which was managed by physicians who also treated diseases of the nose and chest. The 20th century opened with brave attempts to perform skillful surgery under conditions of primitive anaesthesia and no antibiotics. The stimulus of two world wars led to significant advances in technology and greater opportunities to explore new and resurrect old surgical procedures. The discovery of antibiotics saw an end to acute mastoiditis and the complications of otitis media and sinusitis, as well as a decline in the number of tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy operations.
Over the last 30 years the specialty has undergone dramatic development and has taken advantage of new advances in endoscopy, microsurgery, the use of lasers, cytotoxic drugs, flap reconstruction and microchip technology. During the same period, although still calling themselves otorinolaryngologists, individual surgeons have subspecialised in otology, otoneurosurgery and skull-base surgery, head and neck surgery, phonosurgery, rhinology and facioplastic surgery, sleep apnea and paediatricotothinolaryngology. Each of these subspecialties has its own societies and specialist journals.
The recent advances and transformation of branch otorhinolaryngology is beyond expectations with all the subspecialties and their tremendous growth. Even after having all the subspecialties and their respective branches the parenteral base is still otorhinolaryngology itself.
The association of otolaryngologists india, Andhra Pradesh branch is one such parenteral branch formed by the eminent seniors of combined Andhra Pradesh way back in 1981 by Dr C BABJI, DR John Suryodayam, Dr Hanumantappa along their counterparts from the current Telangana state with the guidance of Dr P Narasimha rao. After the bifurcation of the state the current branch was started in 2014.
The main motive of the association is knowledge sharing, guiding and guarding the juniors. Even after having so many sub specialties the parenteral association do holds its place with regular annual conferences by providing a platform for all the members to present their work, interact with the seniors, introducing themselves to the stalwarts.